Finance & EconomyNews

CBN Maintains Status Quo

.asymmetric corridor remained at to +100/-700 bps around the MPR ,

.cash reserve ratio retained at 27.50%; and Liquidity Ratio retained at 30.00%

.interest rate (MPR) retained at 11.50%

Expectedly , the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of the Central Bank of Nigeria Maintains Status Quo as  its  concluded its two-day meeting in November 2021.This marks the last MPC meeting for the year 2021.

At the end of the meeting, the committee resolved to hold the monetary policy rate and all other policy parameters constant  bench-marking  interest rate (MPR) retained at 11.50% ,asymmetric corridor remained at to +100/-700 bps around the MPR ,  cash reserve ratio retained at 27.50%; and Liquidity Ratio retained at 30.00%

Since the last meeting in Sep-2021, domestic macroeconomic indices have shown considerable improvement. On a global scale, inflationary pressures have continued unabated, owing to a recovery-driven rebound in demand which has largely outpaced production, and forcing central banks across developed and emerging markets to commence or at least indicate near-term commencement of rate hikes. Additionally, the threat from the Covid-19 pandemic has largely subsided as vaccination levels have continued to improve, driving recovery in trade and travel.

 At the meeting,  analysts and financial experts had  expected  the recent statistics on Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Inflation and the trend of oil prices to serve as the core base upon which deliberations would   be made. Recently released Q3-GDP estimates revealed a sustained economic expansion of 4.0% y/y, compared to a contraction of 3.6% y/y in Q3-2020 and a 5.0% y/y expansion in Q2-2021. Furthermore, headline inflation for Oct-2021 moderated to 16.0%, the 7th consecutive month of disinflation. In the oil market, Brent has largely continued to ascend, albeit retreating in recent weeks on account of a potential increase in supply from US and China petroleum reserves.

However ,looking ahead,  analysts expect  the committee will find solace in the declining inflation rate and modest output growth as indicators that its policy of maintaining interest rates at current levels is succeeding. The view is that the MPC will probably keep policy rates unchanged, rather than begin a hiking cycle, in order to reap the full benefits of lower interest rates on economic growth. Lastly,   the CBN is expected to continue to implement unorthodox measures to control system liquidity in the economy.

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